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Mycoplasma hominis / Ureaplasma urealyticum

Test performed by: LabPLUS Microbiology

Note: Culture for Mycoplasma pneumoniae (respiratory Mycoplasma) is not available.

For Mycoplasma pneumoniae see Mycoplasma pneumoniae PCR

For Mycoplasma genitalium see Mycoplasma genitalium PCR

Mycoplasma genitalium PCR

Mycoplasma pneumoniae PCR

Specimen Collection

Urogenital Sites:

Females:       Collect a vaginal swab and place in normal microbiology transport media. Store at room temperature . Specimen should reach the laboratory within 24 hours .

Note: Urine specimens from females are not acceptable.

Males:            Collect 10 - 20 mL of a first catch urine specimen. The specimen must reach the laboratory within 2 hours . Alternatively, collect a urethral swab, store and transport as above. A urine sample is preferable as this allows quantitation and significance to be determined more accurately.

Male specimens submitted from the community must be urethral swabs only - urine specimens are not acceptable due to the delay in transport to the laboratory.



Collect in a plain urine container pot or collect in a red top UTM (Universal Transport Medium) tube. Store at room temperature . Specimen should reach the Microbiology laboratory within 24 hours .

All other specimens: 

Please contact the Clinical Microbiologist.

Turnaround Time: At least 4 days
Diagnostic Use and Interpretation

Mycoplasma hominis , Ureaplasma urealyticum and U. parvum   are frequently found in the human urogenital tract in both healthy individuals and symptomatic patients.

Routine screening of asymptomatic men and women or routine testing of symptomatic individuals for Mycoplasma hominis  or Ureaplasma spp.  is not recommended.

In pregnancy, the role of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasmas in preterm birth and midtrimester abortions has not been resolved; requests should be limited to those with specialist experience in this area.


Horner P, Donders G, Cusini M, Gomberg M, Jensen JS, Unemo M. Should we be testing for urogenital Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum in men and women? - a position statement from the European STI Guidelines Editorial Board. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2018 Nov;32(11):1845-1851. doi: 10.1111/jdv.15146. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Donders GGG, Ruban K, Bellen G, Petricevic L. Mycoplasma/Ureaplasma infection in pregnancy: to screen or not to screen. J Perinat Med. 2017 Jul 26;45(5):505-515. doi: 10.1515/jpm-2016-0111.

Contact Information

For further information, contact the Microbiology Department via Lablink  or the Clinical Microbiologist:

Lablink contact details

Dr Sally Roberts , Microbiologist: ext 22705   Cellphone 021 674 140
Dr Sharmini Muttaiyah
, Microbiologist: ext 22700   Cellphone 021 156 9883
Dr Mary de Almeida , Microbiologist: ext 22700    Cellphone 021 170 9117

Dr Matthew Blakiston , Microbiologist: contact via Lablink
Dr Veronica Playle , Microbiologist: contact via Lablink

Last updated at 09:55:15 11/09/2020